Today in History, English
Today in History, English

12297January 31Event1946 – Yugoslavia's new constitution, modeling that of the Soviet Union, establishes six constituent republics (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and Slovenia).
12298January 31Event1946 – The Democratic Republic of Vietnam introduces the đồng to replace the French Indochinese piastre at par.
12299January 31Event1949 – These Are My Children, the first television daytime soap opera is broadcast by the NBC station in Chicago.
12300January 31Event1950 – United States President Harry S. Truman announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
12271January 31Event1747 – The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital.
12272January 31Event1801 – John Marshall is appointed the Chief Justice of the United States.
12273January 31Event1814 – Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of the United Provinces of the Río de la Plata (present-day Argentina).
12274January 31Event1846 – After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unify as the City of Milwaukee.
12275January 31Event1848 – John C. Frémont is court-martialed for mutiny and disobeying orders.
12276January 31Event1849 – Corn Laws are abolished in the United Kingdom pursuant to legislation in 1846.
12277January 31Event1862 – Alvan Graham Clark discovers the white dwarf star Sirius B, a companion of Sirius, through an 18.5-inch (47 cm) telescope now located at Northwestern University.
12278January 31Event1865 – American Civil War: The United States Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, abolishing slavery and submits it to the states for ratification.
12279January 31Event1865 – American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
12280January 31Event1867 – Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Bey Karam leaves Lebanon on board a French ship bound for Algeria.
12281January 31Event1897 – Czechoslav Trade Union Association is founded in Prague.
12282January 31Event1891 – History of Portugal: The first attempt at a Portuguese republican revolution breaks out in the northern city of Porto.
12283January 31Event1900 – Datu Muhammad Salleh is assassinated in Kampung Teboh, Tambunan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion.
12284January 31Event1915 – World War I: Germany is the first to make large-scale use of poison gas in warfare in the Battle of Bolimów against Russia.
12285January 31Event1917 – World War I: Germany announces that its U-boats will resume unrestricted submarine warfare after a two-year hiatus.
12286January 31Event1918 – A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
12287January 31Event1919 – The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland.
12288January 31Event1929 – The Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky.
12289January 31Event1930 – 3M begins marketing Scotch Tape.
12290January 31Event1942 – World War II: Allied forces are defeated by the Japanese at the Battle of Malaya and retreat to the island of Singapore.
12291January 31Event1943 – World War II: German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to the Soviets at Stalingrad, followed 2 days later by the remainder of his Sixth Army, ending one of the war's fiercest battles.
12292January 31Event1944 – World War II: American forces land on Kwajalein Atoll and other islands in the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
12293January 31Event1944 – World War II: During the Anzio campaign the 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby's Rangers) is destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna, Italy.
12294January 31Event1945 – US Army private Eddie Slovik is executed for desertion, the first such execution of an American soldier since the Civil War.
12295January 31Event1945 – World War II: About 3,000 inmates from the Stutthof concentration camp are forcibly marched into the Baltic Sea at Palmnicken (now Yantarny, Russia) and executed.
12296January 31Event1945 – World War II: The end of fighting in the Battle of Hill 170 during the Burma Campaign, in which the British 3 Commando Brigade repulsed a Japanese counterattack on their positions and precipitated a general retirement from the Arakan Peninsula.

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