Today in History, English
Today in History, English

124681November 1Event1897 – The first Library of Congress building opens its doors to the public. The Library had been housed in the Congressional Reading Room in the U.S. Capitol.
124682November 1Event1901 – Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity, is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, Virginia.
124683November 1Event1911 – The first dropping of a bomb from an aircraft in combat, during the Italo-Turkish War.
124684November 1Event1914 – World War I: The first British Royal Navy defeat of the war with Germany, the Battle of Coronel, is fought off of the western coast of Chile, in the Pacific, with the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth.
124685November 1Event1914 – World War I: The Australian Imperial Force (AIF) departed by ship in a single convoy from Albany, Western Australia bound for Egypt.
124686November 1Event1915 – Parris Island is officially designated a United States Marine Corps Recruit Depot.
124687November 1Event1916 – Pavel Milyukov delivers in the State Duma the famous "stupidity or treason" speech, precipitating the downfall of the Boris Stürmer government.
124688November 1Event1918 – Malbone Street Wreck: The worst rapid transit accident in US history occurs under the intersection of Malbone Street and Flatbush Avenue, Brooklyn, New York City, with at least 102 deaths.
124689November 1Event1918 – Western Ukraine gains its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire.
124690November 1Event1918 – The short-lived Banat Republic is founded.
124691November 1Event1920 – American fishing schooner Esperanto defeats the Canadian fishing schooner Delawana in the First International Fishing Schooner Championship Races in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
124692November 1Event1922 – Abolition of the Ottoman sultanate: The last sultan of the Ottoman Empire, Mehmed VI, abdicates.
124693November 1Event1928 – The Law on the Adoption and Implementation of the Turkish Alphabet, replacing the version of the Arabic alphabet previously used with the Latin alphabet, comes into force in Turkey.
124694November 1Event1937 – Stalinists execute Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan's Lutheran community.
124695November 1Event1938 – Seabiscuit defeats War Admiral in an upset victory during a match race deemed "the match of the century" in horse racing.
124696November 1Event1939 – The first rabbit born after artificial insemination is exhibited to the world.
124697November 1Event1941 – American photographer Ansel Adams takes a picture of a moonrise over the town of Hernandez, New Mexico that would become one of the most famous images in the history of photography.
124698November 1Event1942 – World War II: Matanikau Offensive begins during the Guadalcanal Campaign and ends three days later with an American victory.
124699November 1Event1943 – World War II: In the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, United States Marines, the 3rd Marine Division, land on Bougainville in the Solomon Islands.
124700November 1Event1943 – World War II: In support of the landings on Bougainville, U.S. aircraft carrier forces attack the huge Japanese base at Rabaul.
124701November 1Event1944 – World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands.
124702November 1Event1945 – The official North Korean newspaper, Rodong Sinmun, is first published under the name Chongro.
124703November 1Event1945 – Australia joins the United Nations.
124704November 1Event1946 – Karol Wojtyla, the future Pope John Paul II, is ordained to the priesthood by Kraków's archbishop, Adam Sapieha.
124705November 1Event1948 – Off southern Manchuria, 6,000 people die as a Chinese merchant ship explodes and sinks.
124706November 1Event1948 – Athenagoras I, Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is enthroned.
124707November 1Event1950 – Puerto Rican nationalists Griselio Torresola and Oscar Collazo attempt to assassinate US President Harry S. Truman at Blair House.
124708November 1Event1950 – Pope Pius XII claims papal infallibility when he formally defines the dogma of the Assumption of Mary.
124709November 1Event1951 – Operation Buster–Jangle: Six thousand five hundred American soldiers are exposed to 'Desert Rock' atomic explosions for training purposes in Nevada. Participation is not voluntary.
124710November 1Event1952 – Operation Ivy: The United States successfully detonates the first large hydrogen bomb, codenamed "Mike" ["M" for megaton], in the Eniwetok atoll, located in the Marshall Islands in the central Pacific Ocean. The explosion had a yield of ten megaton

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