Today in History, English
Today in History, English

125881November 4Event1939 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons by belligerents.
125882November 4Event1942 – World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein: Disobeying a direct order by Adolf Hitler, General Field Marshal Erwin Rommel leads his forces on a five-month retreat.
125883November 4Event1944 – World War II: Bitola Liberation Day
125884November 4Event1946 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 10 is adopted.
125885November 4Event1948 – United Nations Security Council Resolution 61 is adopted.
125886November 4Event1952 – The United States government establishes the National Security Agency, or NSA.
125887November 4Event1956 – Soviet troops enter Hungary to end the Hungarian revolution against the Soviet Union, that started on October 23. Thousands are killed, more are wounded, and nearly a quarter million leave the country.
125888November 4Event1960 – At the Kasakela Chimpanzee Community in Tanzania, Dr. Jane Goodall observes chimpanzees creating tools, the first-ever observation in non-human animals.
125889November 4Event1962 – The United States concludes Operation Fishbowl, its final above-ground nuclear weapons testing series, in anticipation of the 1963 Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty.
125890November 4Event1966 – The Arno River floods Florence, Italy, to a maximum depth of 6.7 m (22 ft), leaving thousands homeless and destroying millions of masterpieces of art and rare books. Also Venice was submerged on the same day at its record all-time acqua alta of 194
125891November 4Event1970 – Vietnam War: Vietnamization: The United States turns control of the Binh Thuy Air Base in the Mekong Delta over to South Vietnam.
125892November 4Event1970 – Genie, a 13-year-old feral child is found in Los Angeles having been locked in her bedroom for most of her life.
125893November 4Event1970 – Salvador Allende takes office as President of Chile, the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections.
125894November 4Event1973 – The Netherlands experiences the first Car-Free Sunday caused by the 1973 oil crisis. Highways are deserted and are used only by cyclists and roller skaters.
125895November 4Event1979 – Iran hostage crisis: A mob of Iranians, mostly students, overruns the US embassy in Tehran and takes 90 hostages (53 of whom are American).
125896November 4Event1993 – The China Airlines Flight 605, a Boeing 747, overruns Runway 13 at Hong Kong's Kai Tak International Airport while landing during a typhoon, injuring 22 people.
125897November 4Event1995 – Israeli prime minister Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated by an extremist Israeli.
125898November 4Event2002 – Chinese authorities arrest cyber-dissident He Depu for signing a pro-democracy letter to the 16th Communist Party Congress.
125899November 4Event2008 – Barack Obama becomes the first person of African descent to be elected President of the United States.
125900November 4Event2010 – Aero Caribbean Flight 883 crashes into Guasimal, Sancti Spíritus. All 68 passengers and crew were killed.
125901November 4Event2010 – Qantas Flight 32, an Airbus A380, suffers an uncontained engine failure over Indonesia shortly after taking off from Singapore, crippling the jet. The crew manage to safely return to Singapore, saving all 469 passengers and crew.
125902November 4Birth1448 – Alfonso II of Naples (d. 1495)
125903November 4Birth1575 – Guido Reni, Italian painter and illustrator (d. 1642)
125904November 4Birth1618 – Aurangzeb, Mughal emperor (d. 1707)
125905November 4Birth1631 – Mary, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (d. 1660)
125906November 4Birth1640 – Carlo Mannelli, Italian violinist and composer (d. 1697)
125907November 4Birth1650 – William III of England (d. 1702)
125908November 4Birth1661 – Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine, German son of Landgravine Elisabeth Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt (d. 1742)
125909November 4Birth1740 – Augustus Toplady, English cleric and composer (d. 1778)
125910November 4Birth1765 – Pierre-Simon Girard, French mathematician and engineer (d. 1836)

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