Today in History, English
Today in History, English

12661February 1Event1884 – The first volume (A to Ant) of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.
12662February 1Event1893 – Thomas A. Edison finishes construction of the first motion picture studio, the Black Maria in West Orange, New Jersey.
12663February 1Event1895 – Fountains Valley, Pretoria, the oldest nature reserve in Africa, is proclaimed by President Paul Kruger.
12664February 1Event1897 – Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul.
12665February 1Event1908 – King Carlos I of Portugal and his son, Prince Luis Filipe, are killed in Terreiro do Paço, Lisbon.
12666February 1Event1918 – Russia adopts the Gregorian calendar.
12667February 1Event1924 – The United Kingdom recognizes the USSR.
12668February 1Event1942 – World War II: Josef Terboven, Reichskommissar of German-occupied Norway, appoints Vidkun Quisling the Minister President of the National Government.
12669February 1Event1942 – World War II: U.S. Navy conducts Marshalls–Gilberts raids, the first offensive action by the United States against Japanese forces in the Pacific Theater.
12670February 1Event1942 – Voice of America, the official external radio and television service of the United States government, begins broadcasting with programs aimed at areas controlled by the Axis powers.
12671February 1Event1946 – Trygve Lie of Norway is picked to be the first United Nations Secretary-General.
12672February 1Event1946 – The Parliament of Hungary abolishes the monarchy after nine centuries, and proclaims the Hungarian Republic.
12673February 1Event1953 – North Sea flood of 1953 (Dutch, Watersnoodramp, literally "flood disaster") was a major flood caused by a heavy storm, that occurred on the night of Saturday, 31 January 1953 and morning of Sunday, 1 February 1953. The floods struck the Netherlands
12674February 1Event1957 – Felix Wankel's first working prototype (DKM 54) of the Wankel engine runs at the NSU research and development department Versuchsabteilung TX in Germany
12675February 1Event1960 – Four black students stage the first of the Greensboro sit-ins at a lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina.
12676February 1Event1964 – The Beatles have their first number one hit in the United States with "I Want to Hold Your Hand."
12677February 1Event1965 – The Hamilton River in Labrador, Canada is renamed the Churchill River in honour of Winston Churchill.
12678February 1Event1968 – Vietnam War: The execution of Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém by South Vietnamese National Police Chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan is videotaped and photographed by Eddie Adams. This image helped build opposition to the Vietnam War.
12679February 1Event1968 – Canada's three military services, the Royal Canadian Navy, the Canadian Army and the Royal Canadian Air Force, are unified into the Canadian Forces.
12680February 1Event1968 – The New York Central Railroad and the Pennsylvania Railroad are merged to form Penn Central Transportation.
12681February 1Event1972 – Kuala Lumpur becomes a city by a royal charter granted by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia.
12682February 1Event1974 – A fire in the 25-story Joelma Building in São Paulo, Brazil kills 189 and injures 293.
12683February 1Event1974 – Kuala Lumpur is declared a Federal Territory.
12684February 1Event1978 – Director Roman Polanski skips bail and flees the United States to France after pleading guilty to charges of having sex with a 13-year-old girl.
12685February 1Event1979 – The Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Tehran, Iran after nearly 15 years of exile.
12686February 1Event1982 – Senegal and the Gambia form a loose confederation known as Senegambia.
12687February 1Event1989 – The Western Australian towns of Kalgoorlie and Boulder amalgamate to form the City of Kalgoorlie–Boulder.
12688February 1Event1990 – Humanitas publishing house is founded in Bucharest, shortly after the Romanian Revolution, by the philosopher Gabriel Liiceanu.
12689February 1Event1991 – A runway collision between USAir Flight 1493 and SkyWest Flight 5569 at Los Angeles International Airport results in the deaths of 34 people, and injuries to 30 others.
12690February 1Event1992 – The Chief Judicial Magistrate of Bhopal court declares Warren Anderson, ex-CEO of Union Carbide, a fugitive under Indian law for failing to appear in the Bhopal disaster case.

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