Today in History, English
Today in History, English

131762November 19Holiday and observanceDiscovery of Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico)
131763November 19Holiday and observanceFlag Day (Brazil)
131764November 19Holiday and observanceGarifuna Settlement Day (Belize)
131765November 19Holiday and observanceInternational Men's Day (Australia, Canada, Ghana, Hungary, India, Ireland, Jamaica, Malta, Singapore, South Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, United Kingdom, United States)
131766November 19Holiday and observanceMonaco National Day (Monaco)
131767November 19Holiday and observanceWomen’s Entrepreneurship Day
131768November 19Holiday and observanceWorld Toilet Day
131769November 20Event284 – Diocletian is chosen as Roman emperor.
131770November 20Event762 – During the An Shi Rebellion, the Tang dynasty, with the help of Huihe tribe, recaptures Luoyang from the rebels.
131771November 20Event1194 – Palermo is conquered by Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor.
131772November 20Event1407 – A truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois, Duke of Orléans is agreed upon under the auspices of John, Duke of Berry. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
131773November 20Event1695 – Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed by the forces of Portuguese bandeirante Domingos Jorge Velho.
131774November 20Event1739 – Start of the Battle of Porto Bello between British and Spanish forces during the War of Jenkins' Ear.
131775November 20Event1776 – American Revolutionary War: British forces land at the Palisades and then attack Fort Lee. The Continental Army starts to retreat across New Jersey.
131776November 20Event1789 – New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
131777November 20Event1805 – Beethoven's only opera, Fidelio premieres in Vienna.
131778November 20Event1820 – An 80-ton sperm whale attacks the Essex (a whaling ship from Nantucket, Massachusetts) 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America. (Herman Melville's 1851 novel Moby-Dick is in part inspired by this story.)
131779November 20Event1845 – Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata: Battle of Vuelta de Obligado.
131780November 20Event1861 – American Civil War: A secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.
131781November 20Event1910 – Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosí, denouncing Mexican President Porfirio Díaz, calling for a revolution to overthrow the government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution.
131782November 20Event1917 – World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins: British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.
131783November 20Event1917 – Ukraine is declared a republic.
131784November 20Event1936 – José Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange, is killed by a republican execution squad.
131785November 20Event1940 – World War II: Hungary becomes a signatory of the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers.
131786November 20Event1943 – World War II: Battle of Tarawa (Operation Galvanic) begins: United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.
131787November 20Event1945 – Nuremberg trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Palace of Justice at Nuremberg.
131788November 20Event1947 – The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, who becomes the Duke of Edinburgh, at Westminster Abbey in London.
131789November 20Event1952 – Slánský trials: A series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.
131790November 20Event1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.
131761November 19Holiday and observanceDay of Missile Forces and Artillery (Russia, Belarus)

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