Today in History, English
Today in History, English

132931November 23Event1943 – World War II: The Deutsche Opernhaus on Bismarckstraße in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg is destroyed. It will eventually be rebuilt in 1961 and be called the Deutsche Oper Berlin.
132932November 23Event1943 – World War II: Tarawa and Makin atolls fall to American forces.
132933November 23Event1946 – French naval bombardment of Hai Phong, Vietnam, kills thousands of civilians. This was to lead to the First Indochina War.
132934November 23Event1955 – The Cocos Islands are transferred from the control of the United Kingdom to that of Australia.
132935November 23Event1959 – French President Charles de Gaulle declares in a speech in Strasbourg his vision for "Europe, from the Atlantic to the Urals".
132936November 23Event1963 – The BBC broadcasts "An Unearthly Child" (starring William Hartnell), the first episode of the science-fiction television serial of the same name and the first episode of Doctor Who, which is now the world's longest running science fiction drama.
132937November 23Event1971 – Representatives of the People's Republic of China attend the United Nations, including the United Nations Security Council, for the first time.
132938November 23Event1972 – The Soviet Union makes its final attempt at successfully launching the N1 rocket.
132939November 23Event1974 – Sixty Ethiopian politicians, aristocrats, military officers, and other persons are executed by the provisional military government.
132940November 23Event1976 – Apneist Jacques Mayol is the first man to reach a depth of 100 m undersea without breathing equipment.
132941November 23Event1978 – Cyclone kills about 1000 people in Eastern Sri Lanka.
132942November 23Event1978: The Geneva Frequency Plan of 1975 goes into effect, realigning many of Europe's longwave & mediumwave broadcasting frequencies.
132943November 23Event1979 – In Dublin, Ireland, Provisional Irish Republican Army member Thomas McMahon is sentenced to life in prison for the assassination of Lord Mountbatten.
132944November 23Event1980 – A series of earthquakes in southern Italy kills approximately 3,000 people.
132945November 23Event1981 – Iran–Contra affair: Ronald Reagan signs the top secret National Security Decision Directive 17 (NSDD-17), giving the Central Intelligence Agency the authority to recruit and support Contra rebels in Nicaragua.
132946November 23Event1985 – Gunmen hijack EgyptAir Flight 648 while en route from Athens to Cairo. When the plane lands in Malta, Egyptian commandos storm the aircraft, but 60 people die in the raid.
132947November 23Event1992 – The first smartphone, the IBM Simon, is introduced at COMDEX in Las Vegas, Nevada.
132948November 23Event1993 – Rachel Whiteread wins both the £20,000 Turner Prize award for best British modern artist and the £40,000 K Foundation art award for the worst artist of the year.
132949November 23Event1996 – Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 is hijacked, then crashes into the Indian Ocean off the coast of Comoros after running out of fuel, killing 125.
132950November 23Event2001 – The Convention on Cybercrime is signed in Budapest, Hungary.
132951November 23Event2003 – Rose Revolution: Georgian president Eduard Shevardnadze resigns following weeks of mass protests over flawed elections.
132952November 23Event2004 – The Holy Trinity Cathedral of Tbilisi, the largest religious building in Georgia, is consecrated.
132953November 23Event2005 – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is elected president of Liberia and becomes the first woman to lead an African country.
132954November 23Event2006 – A series of bombings kills at least 215 people and injures 257 others in Sadr City, making it the second deadliest sectarian attack since the beginning of the Iraq War in 2003.
132955November 23Event2007 – MS Explorer, a cruise liner carrying 154 people, sinks in the Antarctic Ocean south of Argentina after hitting an iceberg near the South Shetland Islands. There are no fatalities.
132956November 23Event2009 – The Maguindanao massacre occurs in Ampatuan, Maguindanao, Philippines
132957November 23Event2010 – Bombardment of Yeonpyeong: North Korean artillery attack kills two civilians and two marines on Yeonpyeong Island, South Korea.
132958November 23Event2011 – Arab Spring: After 11 months of protests in Yemen, Yemeni president Ali Abdullah Saleh signs a deal to transfer power to the vice president, in exchange for legal immunity.
132959November 23Birth912 – Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 973)
132960November 23Birth1221 – Alfonso X of Castile (d. 1284)

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