Today in History, English
Today in History, English

13501February 3Event1930 – Communist Party of Vietnam is founded at a "Unification Conference" held in Kowloon, British Hong Kong.
13502February 3Event1931 – The Hawke's Bay earthquake, New Zealand's worst natural disaster, kills 258.
13503February 3Event1933 – Adolf Hitler announces that the expansion of Lebensraum into Eastern Europe, and its ruthless Germanisation, are the ultimate geopolitical objectives of Third Reich foreign policy.
13504February 3Event1943 – The SS Dorchester is sunk by a German U-boat. Only 230 of 902 men aboard survive. The Chapel of the Four Chaplains, dedicated by President Harry Truman, is one of many memorials established to commemorate the Four Chaplains story.
13505February 3Event1944 – World War II: During the Gilbert and Marshall Islands campaign, U.S. Army and Marine forces seize Kwajalein Atoll from the defending Japanese garrison.
13506February 3Event1945 – World War II: As part of Operation Thunderclap, 1,000 B-17s of the Eighth Air Force bomb Berlin, a raid which kills between 2,500 to 3,000 and dehouses another 120,000.
13507February 3Event1945 – World War II: The United States and the Philippine Commonwealth begin a month-long battle to retake Manila from Japan.
13508February 3Event1947 – The lowest temperature in North America, −63.9 °C (−83.0 °F), is recorded in Snag, Yukon.
13509February 3Event1957 – Senegalese political party Democratic Rally merges into the Senegalese Party of Socialist Action (PSAS).
13510February 3Event1958 – Founding of the Benelux Economic Union, creating a testing ground for a later European Economic Community.
13511February 3Event1959 – Deaths of rock and roll musicians Buddy Holly, Ritchie Valens, and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson, in a plane crash near Clear Lake, Iowa.
13512February 3Event1960 – British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan speaks of "a wind of change", an increasing national consciousness blowing through colonial Africa, signalling that his Government is likely to support decolonisation.
13513February 3Event1961 – The United States Air Forces begins Operation Looking Glass, and over the next 30 years, a "Doomsday Plane" is always in the air, with the capability of taking direct control of the United States' bombers and missiles in the event of the destructio
13514February 3Event1966 – The unmanned Soviet Luna 9 spacecraft makes the first controlled rocket-assisted landing on the Moon.
13515February 3Event1967 – Ronald Ryan, the last person to be executed in Australia, is hanged in Pentridge Prison, Melbourne.
13516February 3Event1969 – In Cairo, Yasser Arafat is appointed Palestine Liberation Organization leader at the Palestinian National Congress.
13517February 3Event1971 – New York Police Officer Frank Serpico is shot during a drug bust in Brooklyn and survives to later testify against police corruption. Many believe the incident proves that NYPD officers tried to kill him.
13518February 3Event1972 – The first day of the seven-day 1972 Iran blizzard, which would kill at least 4,000 people, making it the deadliest snowstorm in history.
13519February 3Event1984 – John Buster and the research team at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center announce history's first embryo transfer, from one woman to another resulting in a live birth.
13520February 3Event1984 – Space Shuttle program: STS-41-B is launched using Space Shuttle Challenger.
13521February 3Event1989 – After a stroke two weeks previously, South African President P. W. Botha resigns as leader of the National Party, but stays on as president for six more months.
13522February 3Event1989 – A military coup overthrows Alfredo Stroessner, dictator of Paraguay since 1954.
13523February 3Event1995 – Astronaut Eileen Collins becomes the first woman to pilot the Space Shuttle as mission STS-63 gets underway from Kennedy Space Center in Florida.
13524February 3Event1998 – Karla Faye Tucker is executed in Texas, becoming the first woman executed in the United States since 1984.
13525February 3Event1998 – Cavalese cable car disaster: a United States military pilot causes the death of 20 people when his low-flying plane cuts the cable of a cable-car near Trento, Italy.
13526February 3Event2007 – A Baghdad market bombing kills at least 135 people and injures a further 339.
13527February 3Event2014 – Two people are shot and killed and 29 students are taken hostage at a high school in Moscow, Russia.
13528February 3Event2015 – A collision between a commuter train and a passenger vehicle kills six in Valhalla, New York.
13529February 3Birth1338 – Joanna of Bourbon (d. 1378)
13530February 3Birth1392 – Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, English commander (d. 1458)

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