Today in History, English
Today in History, English

136351December 2Event1961 – In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro declares that he is a Marxist–Leninist and that Cuba is going to adopt Communism.
136352December 2Event1962 – Vietnam War: After a trip to Vietnam at the request of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, U.S. Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield becomes the first American official to comment adversely on the war's progress.
136353December 2Event1970 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency begins operations.
136354December 2Event1971 – Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Fujairah, Sharjah, Dubai, and Umm al-Quwain form the United Arab Emirates.
136355December 2Event1975 – Laotian Civil War: The Pathet Lao seizes the Laotian capital of Vientiane, forces the abdication of King Sisavang Vatthana, and proclaims the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
136356December 2Event1976 – Fidel Castro becomes President of Cuba, replacing Osvaldo Dorticós Torrado.
136357December 2Event1980 – Salvadoran Civil War: Four U.S. nuns and churchwomen, Ita Ford, Maura Clarke, Jean Donovan, and Dorothy Kazel, are murdered by a military death squad.
136358December 2Event1982 – At the University of Utah, Barney Clark becomes the first person to receive a permanent artificial heart.
136359December 2Event1988 – Benazir Bhutto is sworn in as Prime Minister of Pakistan, becoming the first woman to head the government of an Islam-dominated state.
136360December 2Event1991 – Canada and Poland become the first nations on earth to recognize the independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union.
136361December 2Event1993 – Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar is shot and killed in Medellín.
136362December 2Event1993 – Space Shuttle program: STS-61 – NASA launches the Space Shuttle Endeavour on a mission to repair the Hubble Space Telescope.
136363December 2Event1999 – Glenbrook rail accident: Seven passengers are killed when two trains collide near Sydney, New South Wales.
136364December 2Event1999 – The United Kingdom devolves political power in Northern Ireland to the Northern Ireland Executive.
136365December 2Event2001 – Enron files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy.
136366December 2Birth1578 – Agostino Agazzari, Italian composer and theorist (d. 1641)
136367December 2Birth1694 – William Shirley, English lawyer and politician, Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1771)
136368December 2Birth1703 – Ferdinand Konščak, Croatian missionary and explorer (d. 1759)
136369December 2Birth1710 – Bertinazzi, Italian actor and author (d. 1783)
136370December 2Birth1738 – Richard Montgomery, Irish-American general (d. 1775)
136371December 2Birth1754 – William Cooper, American judge and politician, founded Cooperstown, New York (d. 1809)
136372December 2Birth1759 – James Edward Smith, English botanist and founder of the Linnean Society (d. 1828)
136373December 2Birth1760 – John Breckinridge, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 5th United States Attorney General (d. 1806)
136374December 2Birth1760 – Joseph Graetz, German organist, composer, and educator (d. 1826)
136375December 2Birth1810 – Henry Yesler, American businessman and politician, 7th Mayor of Seattle (d. 1892)
136376December 2Birth1811 – Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian farmer and politician, 1st Canadian Minister of Agriculture (d. 1885)
136377December 2Birth1817 – Heinrich von Sybel, German historian, academic, and politician (d. 1895)
136378December 2Birth1825 – Pedro II of Brazil (d. 1891)
136379December 2Birth1846 – Pierre Waldeck-Rousseau, French lawyer and politician, 68th Prime Minister of France (d. 1904)
136380December 2Birth1859 – Georges Seurat, French painter (d. 1891)

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