Today in History, English
Today in History, English

138541December 8Event1914 – World War I: A squadron of Britain's Royal Navy defeats an inferior squadron of the Imperial German High Seas Fleet in the Battle of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.
138542December 8Event1922 – Northern Ireland ceases to be part of the Irish Free State.
138543December 8Event1927 – The Brookings Institution, one of the United States' oldest think tanks, is founded through the merger of three organizations that had been created by philanthropist Robert S. Brookings.
138544December 8Event1941 – World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt declares December 7 to be "a date which will live in infamy", after which the U.S. declares war on Japan.
138545December 8Event1941 – World War II: Japanese forces simultaneously invade Shanghai International Settlement, Malaya, Thailand, Hong Kong, the Philippines, and the Dutch East Indies. (See December 7 for the concurrent attack on Pearl Harbor in the Western Hemisphere.)
138546December 8Event1949 – The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East is established to provide aid to Palestinian refugees who left their homes during the 1948 Palestinian exodus.
138547December 8Event1953 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower delivers his "Atoms for Peace" speech, which leads to an American program to supply equipment and information on nuclear power to schools, hospitals, and research institutions around the world.
138548December 8Event1962 – Workers at four New York City newspapers (this later increases to nine) go on strike for 114 days.
138549December 8Event1963 – Pan Am Flight 214, a Boeing 707, is struck by lightning and crashes near Elkton, Maryland, killing all 81 people on board.
138550December 8Event1966 – The Greek ship SS Heraklion sinks in a storm in the Aegean Sea, killing over 200.
138551December 8Event1969 – An Olympic Airways Douglas DC-6 strikes a mountain outside of Keratea, Greece, killing 90—the worst crash of a DC-6.
138552December 8Event1971 – Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Navy launches an attack on West Pakistan's port city of Karachi.
138553December 8Event1972 – United Airlines Flight 553, a Boeing 737, crashes after aborting its landing attempt at Chicago Midway International Airport, killing 45. The crash is the first-ever loss of a Boeing 737.
138554December 8Event1974 – A plebiscite results in the abolition of monarchy in Greece.
138555December 8Event1980 – John Lennon is murdered by Mark David Chapman in front of The Dakota in New York City.
138556December 8Event1982 – In Suriname, several opponents of the military government are killed.
138557December 8Event1987 – The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty is signed.
138558December 8Event1987 – Frank Vitkovic shoots and kills eight people at the Australia Post building in Melbourne, before jumping to his death.
138559December 8Event1987 – The Alianza Lima air disaster occurs.
138560December 8Event1987 – An Israeli army tank transporter kills four Palestinian refugees and injures seven others during a traffic accident at the Erez Crossing on the Israel–Gaza Strip border, sparking the First Intifada.
138561December 8Event1988 – A United States Air Force A-10 Thunderbolt II crashes into an apartment complex in Remscheid, Germany, killing 5 people and injuring 50 others.
138562December 8Event1991 – The leaders of Russia, Belarus and Ukraine sign an agreement dissolving the Soviet Union and establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States.
138563December 8Event1991 – The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum.
138564December 8Event1998 – Eighty-one people are killed by armed groups in Algeria.
138565December 8Event2004 – The Cusco Declaration is signed in Cusco, Peru, establishing the South American Community of Nations.
138566December 8Event2007 – Three unidentified gunmen storm an office of Benazir Bhutto's Pakistan Peoples Party in Balochistan. Three PPP supporters are killed.
138567December 8Event2009 – Bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kill 127 and injure 448.
138568December 8Event2010 – With the second launch of the SpaceX Falcon 9 and the first launch of the SpaceX Dragon, SpaceX becomes the first private company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft.
138569December 8Event2010 – The Japanese solar-sail spacecraft IKAROS passes the planet Venus at a distance of about 80,800 km.
138570December 8Event2013 – Riots break out in Singapore after a fatal accident in Little India.

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