Today in History, English
Today in History, English

141541December 16Event1941 – World War II: Japanese forces occupy Miri, Sarawak.
141542December 16Event1942 – The Holocaust: Schutzstaffel chief Heinrich Himmler orders that Roma candidates for extermination be deported to Auschwitz.
141543December 16Event1944 – World War II: The Battle of the Bulge begins with the surprise offensive of three German armies through the Ardennes forest.
141544December 16Event1946 – Thailand joins the United Nations.
141545December 16Event1947 – William Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain build the first practical point-contact transistor.
141546December 16Event1950 – Korean War: U.S. President Harry S. Truman declares a state of emergency, after Chinese troops enter the fight in support of communist North Korea.
141547December 16Event1957 – Sir Feroz Khan Noon replaces Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar as Prime Minister of Pakistan.
141548December 16Event1960 – A United Airlines Douglas DC-8 and a TWA Lockheed Super Constellation collide over Staten Island, New York and crash, killing all 128 people aboard both aircraft and 6 more on the ground.
141549December 16Event1965 – Vietnam War: General William Westmoreland sends U.S. Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara a request for 243,000 more men by the end of 1966.
141550December 16Event1968 – Second Vatican Council: Official revocation of the Edict of Expulsion of Jews from Spain.
141551December 16Event1971 – Bangladesh Liberation War and Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: The surrender of the Pakistan Army brings an end to both conflicts. This is commemorated annually as Victory Day in Bangladesh, and as Vijay Diwas in India.
141552December 16Event1971 – The United Kingdom recognizes Bahrain's independence. This is commemorated annually as Bahrain's National Day.
141553December 16Event1978 – Cleveland, Ohio, becomes the first major American city to default on its financial obligations since the Great Depression.
141554December 16Event1979 – Libya joins four other OPEC nations in raising crude oil prices, which has an immediate, dramatic effect on the United States.
141555December 16Event1985 – Paul Castellano and Thomas Bilotti are shot dead on the orders of John Gotti, who assumes leadership of New York's Gambino crime family
141556December 16Event1986 – Gennady Kolbin replaces Dinmukhamed Konayev as First Secretary of the Kazakh Communist Party, prompting the Jeltoqsan protests which began the next day.
141557December 16Event1989 – Romanian Revolution: Protests break out in Timișoara, Romania, in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor László Tőkés.
141558December 16Event1989 – U.S. Appeals Court Judge Robert Smith Vance is assassinated by a mail bomb sent by Walter Leroy Moody, Jr.
141559December 16Event1991 – Kazakhstan declares independence from the Soviet Union.
141560December 16Event1995 – Official adoption of the name of "Euro".
141561December 16Event2013 – A bus falls from an elevated highway in the Philippines capital Manila killing at least 18 people with 20 injured.
141562December 16Event2014 – Militants belonging to Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan attacked an Army Public School in the Pakistani city of Peshawar killing 145 people.
141563December 16Birth1485 – Catherine of Aragon (d. 1536)
141564December 16Birth1584 – John Selden, English jurist and scholar (d. 1654)
141565December 16Birth1614 – Eberhard III, Duke of Württemberg (d. 1674)
141566December 16Birth1716 – Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini, French poet and diplomat (d. 1798)
141567December 16Birth1717 – Elizabeth Carter, English poet and scholar (d. 1806)
141568December 16Birth1742 – Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher, German field marshal (d. 1819)
141569December 16Birth1775 – Jane Austen, English author (d. 1817)
141570December 16Birth1775 – François-Adrien Boieldieu, French pianist and composer (d. 1834)

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