Today in History, English
Today in History, English

18541February 16Holiday and observanceRestoration of Lithuania's Statehood Day, celebrate the independence of Lithuania from Russia and Germany in 1918 (Lithuania)
18542February 17Event364 – Roman Emperor Jovian dies after a reign of eight months. He is found dead in his tent at Tyana (Asia Minor) en route back to Constantinople in suspicious circumstances.
18543February 17Event1370 – Northern Crusades: Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Teutonic Knights meet in the Battle of Rudau.
18544February 17Event1411 – Following the successful campaigns during the Ottoman Interregnum, Musa Çelebi, one of the sons of Bayezid I, becomes Sultan with the support of Mircea I of Wallachia.
18545February 17Event1500 – Duke Friedrich and Duke Johann attempt to subdue the peasantry of Dithmarschen, Denmark, in the Battle of Hemmingstedt.
18546February 17Event1600 – The philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive, for heresy, at Campo de' Fiori in Rome.
18547February 17Event1621 – Myles Standish is appointed as first commander of the English Plymouth Colony in North America.
18548February 17Event1753 – In Sweden February 17 is followed by March 1 as the country moves from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar.
18549February 17Event1801 – An electoral tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr is resolved when Jefferson is elected President of the United States and Burr, Vice President by the United States House of Representatives.
18550February 17Event1814 – War of the Sixth Coalition: The Battle of Mormans.
18551February 17Event1819 – The United States House of Representatives passes the Missouri Compromise for the first time.
18552February 17Event1838 – Weenen massacre: Hundreds of Voortrekkers along the Blaukraans River, Natal are killed by Zulus.
18553February 17Event1854 – The United Kingdom recognizes the independence of the Orange Free State.
18554February 17Event1863 – A group of citizens of Geneva founded an International Committee for Relief to the Wounded, which later became known as the International Committee of the Red Cross.
18555February 17Event1864 – American Civil War: The H. L. Hunley becomes the first submarine to engage and sink a warship, the USS Housatonic.
18556February 17Event1865 – American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina, is burned as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union forces.
18557February 17Event1871 – The victorious Prussian Army parades through Paris, France, after the end of the Siege of Paris during the Franco-Prussian War.
18558February 17Event1904 – Madama Butterfly receives its première at La Scala in Milan.
18559February 17Event1913 – The Armory Show opens in New York City, displaying works of artists who are to become some of the most influential painters of the early 20th century.
18560February 17Event1919 – The Ukrainian People's Republic asks Entente and the US for help fighting the Bolsheviks.
18561February 17Event1933 – The Blaine Act ends Prohibition in the United States.
18562February 17Event1933 – Newsweek magazine is first published.
18563February 17Event1944 – World War II: The Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins. The battle ends in an American victory on February 22.
18564February 17Event1944 – World War II: Operation Hailstone begins. U.S. naval air, surface, and submarine attack against Truk Lagoon, Japan's main base in the central Pacific, in support of the Eniwetok invasion.
18565February 17Event1949 – Chaim Weizmann begins his term as the first President of Israel.
18566February 17Event1959 – Project Vanguard: Vanguard 2 – The first weather satellite is launched to measure cloud-cover distribution.
18567February 17Event1964 – In Wesberry v. Sanders the Supreme Court of the United States rules that congressional districts have to be approximately equal in population.
18568February 17Event1964 – Gabonese president Léon M'ba is toppled by a coup and his rival, Jean-Hilaire Aubame, is installed in his place.
18569February 17Event1965 – Project Ranger: The Ranger 8 probe launches on its mission to photograph the Mare Tranquillitatis region of the Moon in preparation for the manned Apollo missions. Mare Tranquillitatis or the "Sea of Tranquility" would become the site chosen for th
18570February 17Event1968 – In Springfield, Massachusetts, the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame opens.

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