Today in History, English
Today in History, English

20581February 22Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:BaradatesEric Liddell (Episcopal Church (USA))Feast of the Chair of Saint Peter (Roman Catholic Church)Margaret of CortonaFebruary 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
20582February 22Holiday and observanceIndependence Day (Saint Lucia), celebrates the independence of Saint Lucia from the United Kingdom in 1979.
20583February 23Event303 – Roman emperor Diocletian orders the destruction of the Christian church in Nicomedia, beginning eight years of Diocletianic Persecution.
20584February 23Event532 – Byzantine emperor Justinian I orders the building of a new Orthodox Christian basilica in Constantinople – the Hagia Sophia.
20585February 23Event1455 – Traditional date for the publication of the Gutenberg Bible, the first Western book printed with movable type.
20586February 23Event1554 – Mapuche forces, under the leadership of Lautaro, score a victory over the Spanish at the Battle of Marihueñu in Chile.
20587February 23Event1739 – Richard Palmer is identified at York Castle, by his former schoolteacher, as the outlaw Dick Turpin.
20588February 23Event1778 – American Revolutionary War: Baron von Steuben arrives at Valley Forge, Pennsylvania to help to train the Continental Army.
20589February 23Event1820 – Cato Street Conspiracy: A plot to murder all the British cabinet ministers is exposed.
20590February 23Event1821 – Alexander Ypsilantis starts the Greek War of Independence in Iași, Wallachia (now part of Romania).
20591February 23Event1836 – Texas Revolution: The Battle of the Alamo begins in San Antonio, Texas.
20592February 23Event1847 – Mexican–American War: Battle of Buena Vista – In Mexico, American troops under future president General Zachary Taylor defeat Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
20593February 23Event1854 – The official independence of the Orange Free State is declared.
20594February 23Event1861 – President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrives secretly in Washington, D.C., after the thwarting of an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.
20595February 23Event1870 – Reconstruction Era: Post-U.S. Civil War military control of Mississippi ends and it is readmitted to the Union.
20596February 23Event1883 – Alabama becomes the first U.S. state to enact an anti-trust law.
20597February 23Event1885 – Sino-French War: French Army gains an important victory in the Battle of Đồng Đăng in the Tonkin region of Vietnam.
20598February 23Event1886 – Charles Martin Hall produced the first samples of man-made aluminum, after several years of intensive work. He was assisted in this project by his older sister Julia Brainerd Hall.
20599February 23Event1887 – The French Riviera is hit by a large earthquake, killing around 2,000.
20600February 23Event1896 – The Tootsie Roll is invented.
20601February 23Event1898 – Émile Zola is imprisoned in France after writing "J'accuse", a letter accusing the French government of antisemitism and wrongfully imprisoning Captain Alfred Dreyfus.
20602February 23Event1900 – Second Boer War: Boers and British troops fight in the Battle of Hart's Hill.
20603February 23Event1903 – Cuba leases Guantánamo Bay to the United States "in perpetuity".
20604February 23Event1905 – Chicago attorney Paul Harris and three other businessmen meet for lunch to form the Rotary Club, the world's first service club.
20605February 23Event1909 – The AEA Silver Dart makes the first powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.
20606February 23Event1917 – First demonstrations in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The beginning of the February Revolution.
20607February 23Event1918 – Last monarch of Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz commits suicide.
20608February 23Event1927 – U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signs a bill by Congress establishing the Federal Radio Commission (later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission) which was to regulate the use of radio frequencies in the United States.
20609February 23Event1927 – German theoretical physicist Werner Heisenberg writes a letter to fellow physicist Wolfgang Pauli, in which he describes his uncertainty principle for the first time.
20610February 23Event1934 – Leopold III becomes King of Belgium.

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