Today in History, English
Today in History, English

20611February 23Event1941 – Plutonium is first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
20612February 23Event1942 – World War II: Japanese submarines fire artillery shells at the California coastline near Santa Barbara.
20613February 23Event1943 – A fire breaks out at St. Joseph's Orphanage, County Cavan, Ireland, killing 36 people (35 of whom are children).
20614February 23Event1943 – Greek Resistance: The United Panhellenic Organization of Youth is founded is Greece.
20615February 23Event1944 – The Soviet Union begins the forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people from the North Caucasus to Central Asia.
20616February 23Event1945 – World War II: During the Battle of Iwo Jima, a group of United States Marines and a U.S. Navy Corpsman, reach the top of Mount Suribachi on the island and are photographed raising the American flag.
20617February 23Event1945 – World War II: The 11th Airborne Division, with Filipino guerrillas, free the captives of the Los Baños internment camp.
20618February 23Event1945 – World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.
20619February 23Event1945 – World War II: Capitulation of German garrison in Poznań. The city is liberated by Soviet and Polish forces.
20620February 23Event1945 – World War II: The German town of Pforzheim is annihilated in a raid by 379 British bombers.
20621February 23Event1947 – The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is founded.
20622February 23Event1954 – The first mass inoculation of children against polio with the Salk vaccine begins in Pittsburgh.
20623February 23Event1955 – First meeting of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO).
20624February 23Event1958 – Cuban rebels kidnap 5-time world F1 champion Juan Manuel Fangio.
20625February 23Event1966 – In Syria, Ba'ath Party member Salah Jadid leads an intra-party military coup that replaces the previous government of General Amin al-Hafiz, also a Baathist.
20626February 23Event1974 – The Symbionese Liberation Army demands $4 million more to release kidnap victim Patty Hearst.
20627February 23Event1980 – Iran hostage crisis: Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini states that Iran's parliament will decide the fate of the American embassy hostages.
20628February 23Event1981 – In Spain, Antonio Tejero attempts a coup d'état by capturing the Spanish Congress of Deputies.
20629February 23Event1983 – The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
20630February 23Event1987 – Supernova 1987a is seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
20631February 23Event1991 – Gulf War: Ground troops cross the Saudi Arabian border and enter Iraq, thus beginning the ground phase of the war.
20632February 23Event1991 – In Thailand, General Sunthorn Kongsompong leads a bloodless coup d'état, deposing Prime Minister Chatichai Choonhavan.
20633February 23Event1998 – In the United States, tornadoes in central Florida destroy or damage 2,600 structures and kill 42.
20634February 23Event1999 – Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.
20635February 23Event1999 – An avalanche destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.
20636February 23Event2005 – The controversial French law on colonialism is passed, requiring teachers to teach the "positive values of colonialism". After public outcry, it is repealed at the beginning of 2006.
20637February 23Event2007 – A train derails on an evening express service near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, killing one person and injuring 22. This results in hundreds of points being checked over the UK after a few similar accidents.
20638February 23Event2008 – A U.S. Air Force B-2 Spirit bomber crashes on Guam. It is the first operational loss of a B-2.
20639February 23Event2010 – Unknown criminals pour more than 2.5 million liters of diesel oil and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in northern Italy, sparking an environmental disaster.
20640February 23Event2012 – A series of attacks across Iraq leave at least 83 killed and more than 250 injured.

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