Today in History, English
Today in History, English

23521March 3Event1779 – American Revolutionary War: The Continental Army is routed at the Battle of Brier Creek near Savannah, Georgia.
23522March 3Event1799 – The Russo-Ottoman siege of Corfu ends with the surrender of the French garrison.
23523March 3Event1820 – The U.S. Congress passes the Missouri Compromise.
23524March 3Event1845 – Florida is admitted as the 27th U.S. state.
23525March 3Event1857 – Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China.
23526March 3Event1861 – Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs.
23527March 3Event1865 – Opening of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
23528March 3Event1873 – Censorship in the United States: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail.
23529March 3Event1875 – Georges Bizet's opera Carmen receives its première at the Opéra-Comique in Paris.
23530March 3Event1875 – The first ever organized indoor game of ice hockey is played in Montreal, Canada as recorded in the Montreal Gazette.
23531March 3Event1878 – The Russo-Turkish War ends as Bulgaria regains its independence from Ottoman Empire according to the Treaty of San Stefano shortly after Congress of Berlin stripped its status to an autonomous state of the Ottoman Empire.
23532March 3Event1885 – The American Telephone & Telegraph Company is incorporated in New York.
23533March 3Event1904 – Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's phonograph cylinder.
23534March 3Event1905 – Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to create an elected assembly, the Duma.
23535March 3Event1910 – Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can devote all his time to philanthropy.
23536March 3Event1913 – Thousands of women march in a suffrage parade in Washington, D.C.
23537March 3Event1915 – NACA, the predecessor of NASA, is founded.
23538March 3Event1918 – Germany, Austria and Russia sign the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ending Russia's involvement in World War I, and leading to the independence of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
23539March 3Event1923 – TIME magazine is published for the first time.
23540March 3Event1924 – The thirteen-century-old Islamic caliphate is abolished when Caliph Abdülmecid II of the Ottoman Empire is deposed. The last remnant of the old regime gives way to the reformed Turkey of Kemal Atatürk.
23541March 3Event1924 – The Free State of Fiume is annexed by Kingdom of Italy.
23542March 3Event1931 – The United States adopts The Star-Spangled Banner as its national anthem.
23543March 3Event1938 – Oil is discovered in Saudi Arabia.
23544March 3Event1938 – The Mallard the fastest steam driven train on the planet, was built by LNER Doncaster Works England
23545March 3Event1939 – In Bombay, Mohandas Gandhi begins a hunger strike in protest at the autocratic rule in British India.
23546March 3Event1940 – Five people are killed in an arson attack on the offices of the communist newspaper Norrskensflamman in Luleå, Sweden.
23547March 3Event1942 – World War II: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome, Western Australia, killing more than 100 people.
23548March 3Event1943 – World War II: In London, England, 173 people are killed in a crush while trying to enter an air-raid shelter at Bethnal Green tube station.
23549March 3Event1944 – The Order of Nakhimov and Order of Ushakov are instituted in USSR as the highest naval awards.
23550March 3Event1945 – World War II: American and Filipino troops recapture Manila in the Philippines.

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