Today in History, English
Today in History, English

23911March 4Event1790 – France is divided into 83 départements, cutting across the former provinces in an attempt to dislodge regional loyalties based on ownership of land by the nobility.
23912March 4Event1791 – The Constitutional Act of 1791 is introduced by the British House of Commons in London which envisages the separation of Canada into Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper Canada (Ontario).
23913March 4Event1791 – Vermont is admitted to the United States as the fourteenth state.
23914March 4Event1794 – The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed by the U.S. Congress.
23915March 4Event1804 – Castle Hill Rebellion: Irish convicts rebel against British colonial authority in the Colony of New South Wales.
23916March 4Event1814 – Americans defeat British forces at the Battle of Longwoods between London, Ontario and Thamesville, near present-day Wardsville, Ontario.
23917March 4Event1837 – The city of Chicago is incorporated.
23918March 4Event1848 – Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia.
23919March 4Event1861 – The first national flag of the Confederate States of America (the "Stars and Bars") is adopted.
23920March 4Event1865 – The third and final national flag of the Confederate States of America is adopted by the Confederate Congress.
23921March 4Event1882 – Britain's first electric trams run in east London.
23922March 4Event1890 – The longest bridge in Great Britain, the Forth Bridge in Scotland, measuring 1,710 feet (520 m) long, is opened by the Prince of Wales, later King Edward VII.
23923March 4Event1899 – Cyclone Mahina sweeps in north of Cooktown, Queensland, with a 12 metres (39 ft) wave that reaches up to 5 kilometres (3.1 mi) inland, killing over 300.
23924March 4Event1908 – The Collinwood school fire, Collinwood near Cleveland, Ohio, kills 174 people.
23925March 4Event1909 – U.S. President William Taft used what became known as a Saxbe fix, a mechanism to avoid the restriction of the U.S. Constitution's Ineligibility Clause, to appoint Philander C. Knox as U.S. Secretary of State
23926March 4Event1913 – First Balkan War: The Greek army engages the Turks at Bizani, resulting in victory two days later.
23927March 4Event1913 – The United States Department of Labor is formed.
23928March 4Event1917 – Jeannette Rankin of Montana becomes the first female member of the United States House of Representatives.
23929March 4Event1918 – The USS Cyclops departs from Barbados and is never seen again, presumably lost with all hands in the Bermuda Triangle.
23930March 4Event1933 – Frances Perkins becomes United States Secretary of Labor, the first female member of the United States Cabinet.
23931March 4Event1933 – The Parliament of Austria is suspended because of a quibble over procedure – Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss initiates an authoritarian rule by decree.
23932March 4Event1941 – World War II: The United Kingdom launches Operation Claymore on the Lofoten Islands the first large scale British Commando raid.
23933March 4Event1943 – World War II: The Battle of the Bismarck Sea in the south-west Pacific comes to an end.
23934March 4Event1944 – World War II: After the success of Big Week, the USAAF begins a daylight bombing campaign of Berlin.
23935March 4Event1945 – Lapland War: Finland declares war on Nazi Germany.
23936March 4Event1957 – The S&P 500 stock market index is introduced, replacing the S&P 90.
23937March 4Event1960 – The French freighter La Coubre explodes in Havana, Cuba killing 100.
23938March 4Event1962 – A Caledonian Airways Douglas DC-7 crashes shortly after takeoff from Cameroon, killing 111 – the worst crash of a DC-7.
23939March 4Event1966 – A Canadian Pacific Air Lines DC-8-43 explodes on landing at Tokyo International Airport, killing 64 people.
23940March 4Event1970 – French submarine Eurydice explodes underwater, resulting in the loss of the entire 57-man crew.

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