Today in History, English
Today in History, English

26371March 9Event1765 – After a campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son may have actually committed suicide.
26372March 9Event1796 – Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.
26373March 9Event1811 – Paraguayan forces defeat Manuel Belgrano at the Battle of Tacuarí.
26374March 9Event1841 – The U.S. Supreme Court rules in the United States v. The Amistad case that captive Africans who had seized control of the ship carrying them had been taken into slavery illegally.
26375March 9Event1842 – Giuseppe Verdi's third opera, Nabucco, receives its première performance in Milan its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy's foremost opera writers.
26376March 9Event1842 – The first documented discovery of gold in California occurs at Rancho San Francisco, six years before the California Gold Rush.
26377March 9Event1847 – Mexican–American War: The first large-scale amphibious assault in U.S. history is launched in the Siege of Veracruz.
26378March 9Event1862 – American Civil War: The USS Monitor and CSS Virginia fight to a draw in the Battle of Hampton Roads, the first battle between two ironclad warships.
26379March 9Event1896 – Prime Minister Francesco Crispi resigns following the Italian defeat at the Battle of Adwa.
26380March 9Event1908 – Inter Milan was founded on Football Club Internazionale, following a schism from the Milan Cricket and Football Club.
26381March 9Event1910 – The Westmoreland County coal strike, involving 15,000 coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers, begins.
26382March 9Event1916 – Mexican Revolution: Pancho Villa leads nearly 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against the border town of Columbus, New Mexico.
26383March 9Event1925 – Pink's War: The first Royal Air Force operation conducted independently of the British Army or Royal Navy begins.
26384March 9Event1933 – Great Depression: President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to Congress, the first of his New Deal policies.
26385March 9Event1944 – World War II: Japanese troops counter-attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that would last five days.
26386March 9Event1944 – World War II: Soviet Army planes attack Tallinn, Estonia.
26387March 9Event1945 – The Bombing of Tokyo by the United States Army Air Forces begin, one of the most destructive bombing raids in history.
26388March 9Event1945 – World War II: A coup d'état by Japanese forces in French Indochina removes the French from power.
26389March 9Event1946 – Bolton Wanderers stadium disaster at Burnden Park, Bolton, England, kills 33 and injures hundreds more.
26390March 9Event1954 – McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the See It Now episode, "A Report on Senator Joseph McCarthy", produced by Fred Friendly.
26391March 9Event1956 – Soviet forces suppress mass demonstrations in the Georgian SSR, reacting to Nikita Khrushchev's de-Stalinization policy.
26392March 9Event1957 – A magnitude 8.3 earthquake in the Andreanof Islands, Alaska triggers a Pacific-wide tsunami causing extensive damage to Hawaii and Oahu.
26393March 9Event1959 – The Barbie doll makes its debut at the American International Toy Fair in New York.
26394March 9Event1960 – Dr. Belding Hibbard Scribner implants for the first time a shunt he invented into a patient, which allows the patient to receive hemodialysis on a regular basis.
26395March 9Event1961 – Sputnik 9 successfully launches, carrying a human dummy nicknamed Ivan Ivanovich, and demonstrating that Soviet Union was ready to begin human spaceflight.
26396March 9Event1967 – Trans World Airlines Flight 553, a Douglas DC-9-15, crashes in a field in Concord Township, Ohio following a mid-air collision with a Beechcraft Baron, killing 26.
26397March 9Event1976 – Forty-two people die in the 1976 Cavalese cable car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date.
26398March 9Event1977 – The Hanafi Siege: In a thirty-nine-hour standoff, armed Hanafi Muslims seize three Washington, D.C., buildings, killing two and taking 149 hostage.
26399March 9Event1989 – Financially troubled Eastern Air Lines files for bankruptcy.
26400March 9Event1991 – Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade.

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