Today in History, English
Today in History, English

29701March 17Event1921 – The Second Polish Republic adopts the March Constitution.
29702March 17Event1939 – Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and Japan begins,
29703March 17Event1941 – In Washington, D.C., the National Gallery of Art is officially opened by President Franklin D. Roosevelt.
29704March 17Event1942 – Holocaust: The first Jews from the Lvov Ghetto are gassed at the Belzec death camp in what is today eastern Poland.
29705March 17Event1945 – The Ludendorff Bridge in Remagen, Germany, collapses, ten days after its capture.
29706March 17Event1947 – First flight of the B-45 Tornado strategic bomber.
29707March 17Event1948 – The Benelux, France, and the United Kingdom sign the Treaty of Brussels, a precursor to the North Atlantic Treaty establishing NATO.
29708March 17Event1950 – Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley announce the creation of element 98, which they name "californium".
29709March 17Event1957 – A plane crash in Cebu, Philippines kills Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay and 24 others.
29710March 17Event1958 – The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
29711March 17Event1959 – Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama, flees Tibet for India.
29712March 17Event1960 – U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the National Security Council directive on the anti-Cuban covert action program that will ultimately lead to the Bay of Pigs Invasion.
29713March 17Event1963 – Mount Agung erupted on Bali killing more than 1,100 people.
29714March 17Event1966 – Off the coast of Spain in the Mediterranean, the DSV Alvin submarine finds a missing American hydrogen bomb.
29715March 17Event1968 – As a result of nerve gas testing in Skull Valley, Utah, over 6,000 sheep are found dead.
29716March 17Event1969 – Golda Meir becomes the first female Prime Minister of Israel.
29717March 17Event1970 – My Lai Massacre: The United States Army charges 14 officers with suppressing information related to the incident.
29718March 17Event1973 – The Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph Burst of Joy is taken, depicting a former prisoner of war being reunited with his family, which came to symbolize the end of United States involvement in the Vietnam War.
29719March 17Event1979 – The Penmanshiel Tunnel collapses during engineering works, killing two workers.
29720March 17Event1985 – Serial killer Richard Ramirez, aka the "Night Stalker", commits the first two murders in his Los Angeles murder spree.
29721March 17Event1988 – A Colombian Boeing 727 jetliner, Avianca Flight 410, crashes into a mountainside near the Venezuelan border killing 143.
29722March 17Event1988 – Eritrean War of Independence: The Nadew Command, an Ethiopian army corps in Eritrea, is attacked on three sides by military units of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front in the opening action of the Battle of Afabet.
29723March 17Event1992 – Israeli Embassy attack in Buenos Aires: Suicide car bomb attack kills 29 and injures 242.
29724March 17Event1992 – A referendum to end apartheid in South Africa is passed 68.7% to 31.2%.
29725March 17Event2000 – Five hundred thirty members of the Ugandan cult Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God die in a fire, considered to be a mass murder or suicide orchestrated by leaders of the cult. Elsewhere another 248 members are later found
29726March 17Event2003 – Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Robin Cook, resigns from the British Cabinet in disagreement with government plans for the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
29727March 17Event2004 – Unrest in Kosovo: More than 22 are killed and 200 wounded. Thirty-five Serbian Orthodox shrines in Kosovo and two mosques in Belgrade and Niš are destroyed.
29728March 17Event2013 – The largest meteorite (since NASA started observing the Moon in 2005) hit the Moon.
29729March 17Birth1231 – Emperor Shijō of Japan (d. 1242)
29730March 17Birth1473 – James IV of Scotland (d. 1513)

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