Today in History, English
Today in History, English

130321November 16Event1491 – An auto-da-fé, held in the Brasero de la Dehesa outside of Ávila, concludes the case of the Holy Child of La Guardia with the public execution of several Jewish and converso suspects.
130322November 16Event1532 – Francisco Pizarro and his men capture Inca Emperor Atahualpa at the Battle of Cajamarca.
130323November 16Event1632 – Thirty Years' War: Battle of Lützen is fought, the Swedes are victorious but King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden dies in the battle.
130324November 16Event1776 – American Revolutionary War: British and Hessian units capture Fort Washington from the Patriots.
130325November 16Event1776 – American Revolution: The United Provinces (Low Countries) recognize the independence of the United States.
130326November 16Event1793 – French Revolution: Ninety anti-republican Catholic priests are executed by drowning at Nantes.
130327November 16Event1797 – The Prussian heir apparent, Frederick William, becomes King of Prussia as Frederick William III.
130328November 16Event1805 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Schöngrabern – Russian forces under Pyotr Bagration delay the pursuit by French troops under Joachim Murat.
130329November 16Event1822 – American Old West: Missouri trader William Becknell arrives in Santa Fe, New Mexico, over a route that became known as the Santa Fe Trail.
130330November 16Event1828 – Greek War of Independence: The London Protocol entails the creation of an autonomous Greek state under Ottoman suzerainty, encompassing the Morea and the Cyclades.
130331November 16Event1849 – A Russian court sentences writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky to death for anti-government activities linked to a radical intellectual group his sentence is later commuted to hard labor.
130332November 16Event1852 – The English astronomer John Russell Hind discovers the asteroid 22 Kalliope.
130333November 16Event1857 – Second relief of Lucknow – twenty-four Victoria Crosses are awarded, the most in a single day.
130334November 16Event1863 – American Civil War: Battle of Campbell's Station near Knoxville, Tennessee – Confederate troops unsuccessfully attack Union forces.
130335November 16Event1885 – Canadian rebel leader of the Métis and "Father of Manitoba" Louis Riel is executed for treason.
130336November 16Event1904 – English engineer John Ambrose Fleming receives a patent for the thermionic valve (vacuum tube).
130337November 16Event1907 – Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory join to form Oklahoma, which is admitted as the 46th U.S. state.
130338November 16Event1907 – Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania, sister ship of RMS Lusitania, sets sail on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England, to New York City.
130339November 16Event1914 – The Federal Reserve Bank of the United States officially opens.
130340November 16Event1920 – Qantas, Australia's national airline, is founded as Queensland and Northern Territory Aerial Services Limited.
130341November 16Event1940 – World War II: In response to the leveling of Coventry by the German Luftwaffe two days before, the Royal Air Force bombs Hamburg.
130342November 16Event1940 – Holocaust: In occupied Poland, the Nazis close off the Warsaw Ghetto from the outside world.
130343November 16Event1940 – New York City's "Mad Bomber" George Metesky places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
130344November 16Event1943 – World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway.
130345November 16Event1944 – World War II: Operation Queen, the costly Allied thrust to the Rur, is launched.
130346November 16Event1944 – World War II: Dueren, Germany, is destroyed by Allied bombers.
130347November 16Event1945 – UNESCO is founded.
130348November 16Event1965 – Venera program: The Soviet Union launches the Venera 3 space probe toward Venus, which will be the first spacecraft to reach the surface of another planet.
130349November 16Event1973 – Skylab program: NASA launches Skylab 4 with a crew of three astronauts from Cape Canaveral, Florida for an 84-day mission.
130350November 16Event1973 – U.S. President Richard Nixon signs the Trans-Alaska Pipeline Authorization Act into law, authorizing the construction of the Alaska Pipeline.

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