Today in History, English
Today in History, English

18871February 18Event1268 – The Livonian Order is defeated by Dovmont of Pskov in the Battle of Rakvere.
18872February 18Event1332 – Amda Seyon I, Emperor of Ethiopia begins his campaigns in the southern Muslim provinces.
18873February 18Event1478 – George, Duke of Clarence, convicted of treason against his older brother Edward IV of England, is executed in private at the Tower of London.
18874February 18Event1637 – Eighty Years' War: Off the coast of Cornwall, England, a Spanish fleet intercepts an important Anglo-Dutch merchant convoy of 44 vessels escorted by 6 warships, destroying or capturing 20 of them.
18875February 18Event1745 – The city of Surakarta, Central Java is founded on the banks of Bengawan Solo River, and becomes the capital of the Kingdom of Surakarta.
18876February 18Event1766 – A mutiny by captive Malagasy begins at sea on the slave ship Meermin, leading to the ship's destruction on Cape Agulhas in present-day South Africa and the recapture of the instigators.
18877February 18Event1781 – Fourth Anglo-Dutch War: Captain Thomas Shirley opens his expedition against Dutch colonial outposts on the Gold Coast of Africa (present-day Ghana).
18878February 18Event1791 – Congress passes a law admitting the state of Vermont to the Union, effective 4 March 1791, after that state had existed for 14 years as a de facto independent largely unrecognized state.
18879February 18Event1797 – French Revolutionary Wars: Sir Ralph Abercromby and a fleet of 18 British warships invade Trinidad.
18880February 18Event1814 – Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Montereau.
18881February 18Event1861 – In Montgomery, Alabama, Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the provisional President of the Confederate States of America.
18882February 18Event1861 – With Italian unification almost complete, Victor Emmanuel II of Piedmont, Savoy and Sardinia assumes the title of King of Italy.
18883February 18Event1865 – American Civil War: Union forces under Major General William T. Sherman set the South Carolina State House on fire during the burning of Columbia.
18884February 18Event1873 – Bulgarian revolutionary leader Vasil Levski is executed by hanging in Sofia by the Ottoman authorities.
18885February 18Event1878 – John Tunstall is murdered by outlaw Jesse Evans, sparking the Lincoln County War in Lincoln County, New Mexico.
18886February 18Event1885 – Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain is published in the United States.
18887February 18Event1900 – Second Boer War: Imperial forces suffer their worst single-day loss of life on Bloody Sunday, the first day of the Battle of Paardeberg.
18888February 18Event1906 – Édouard de Laveleye forms the Belgian Olympic Committee in Brussels.
18889February 18Event1911 – The first official flight with air mail takes place from Allahabad, United Provinces, British India (now India), when Henri Pequet, a 23-year-old pilot, delivers 6,500 letters to Naini, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) away.
18890February 18Event1913 – Pedro Lascuráin becomes President of Mexico for 45 minutes this is the shortest term to date of any person as president of any country.
18891February 18Event1930 – While studying photographs taken in January, Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto.
18892February 18Event1930 – Elm Farm Ollie becomes the first cow to fly in a fixed-wing aircraft and also the first cow to be milked in an aircraft.
18893February 18Event1932 – The Empire of Japan declares Manzhouguo (the obsolete Chinese name for Manchuria) independent from the Republic of China.
18894February 18Event1938 – During the Nanking Massacre the Nanking Safety Zone International Committee is renamed "Nanking International Rescue Committee" and the safety zone in place for refugees falls apart.
18895February 18Event1942 – World War II: The Imperial Japanese Army begins the systematic extermination of perceived hostile elements among the Chinese in Singapore.
18896February 18Event1943 – The Nazis arrest the members of the White Rose movement.
18897February 18Event1943 – Joseph Goebbels delivers his Sportpalast speech.
18898February 18Event1946 – Sailors of the Royal Indian Navy mutiny in Bombay harbour, from where the action spreads throughout the Provinces of British India, involving 78 ships, twenty shore establishments and 20,000 sailors
18899February 18Event1947 – First Indochina War: The French gain complete control of Hanoi after forcing the Viet Minh to withdraw to mountains.
18900February 18Event1954 – The first Church of Scientology is established in Los Angeles.

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