Today in History, English
Today in History, English

19201February 18Death2014 – Viscera, American wrestler and actor (b. 1971)
19202February 18Death2014 – Mavis Gallant, Canadian-French author and playwright (b. 1922)
19203February 18Death2014 – Kristof Goddaert, Belgian cyclist (b. 1986)
19204February 18Death2014 – Nikhil Baran Sengupta, Indian art director and production designer (b. 1943)
19205February 18Death2014 – Maria Franziska von Trapp, Austrian-American singer (b. 1914)
19206February 18Death2015 – Claude Criquielion, Belgian cyclist (b. 1957)
19207February 18Death2015 – Jerome Kersey, American basketball player and coach (b. 1962)
19208February 18Death2015 – D. Ramanaidu, Indian actor, director, and producer, founded Suresh Productions (b. 1936)
19209February 18Holiday and observanceChristian feast day:Bernadette Soubirous (France)Colmán of LindisfarneFlavian of ConstantinopleGeltrude ComensoliSimeon of Jerusalem (Western Christianity)February 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)
19210February 18Holiday and observanceEarliest day on which Wife's Day (Konudagur) can fall, while February 24 is the latest celebrated on Sunday between 18 and 24 February (Iceland)
19211February 18Holiday and observanceDialect Day (Amami Islands, Japan)
19212February 18Holiday and observanceIndependence Day (Gambia), celebrates the independence of the Gambia from the United Kingdom in 1965.
19213February 18Holiday and observanceNational Democracy Day, celebrates the 1951 overthrow of the Rana dynasty (Nepal)
19214February 18Holiday and observanceSepandārmazgān or "Women's Day" (Zoroastrian Iran)
19215February 19Event197 – Emperor Septimius Severus defeats usurper Clodius Albinus in the Battle of Lugdunum, the bloodiest battle between Roman armies.
19216February 19Event356 – Emperor Constantius II issues a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire.
19217February 19Event1594 – Having already inherited the throne of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother Catherine Jagiellon of Poland in 1587, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, having succeeded his father John III of Sweden in 1592
19218February 19Event1600 – The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
19219February 19Event1649 – The Second Battle of Guararapes takes place, effectively ending Dutch colonization efforts in Brazil.
19220February 19Event1674 – England and the Netherlands sign the Treaty of Westminster, ending the Third Anglo-Dutch War. A provision of the agreement transfers the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam to England, and it is renamed New York.
19221February 19Event1807 – Former Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr is arrested for treason in Wakefield, Alabama and confined to Fort Stoddert.
19222February 19Event1819 – British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
19223February 19Event1846 – In Austin, Texas the newly formed Texas state government is officially installed. The Republic of Texas government officially transfers power to the State of Texas government following the annexation of Texas by the United States.
19224February 19Event1847 – The first group of rescuers reaches the Donner Party.
19225February 19Event1859 – Daniel E. Sickles, a New York Congressman, is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity. This is the first time this defense is successfully used in the United States.
19226February 19Event1861 – Serfdom is abolished in Russia.
19227February 19Event1878 – Thomas Edison patents the phonograph.
19228February 19Event1884 – More than sixty tornadoes strike the Southern United States, one of the largest tornado outbreaks in U.S. history.
19229February 19Event1915 – World War I: The first naval attack on the Dardanelles begins when a strong Anglo-French task force bombards Ottoman artillery along the coast of Gallipoli.
19230February 19Event1937 – Yekatit 12: During a public ceremony at the Viceregal Palace (the former Imperial residence) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, two Ethiopian nationalists of Eritrean origin attempt to kill viceroy Rodolfo Graziani with a number of grenades.

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