Today in History, English
Today in History, English

30571March 19Event1563 – The Edict of Amboise is signed, ending the first phase of the French Wars of Religion and granting certain freedoms to the Huguenots.
30572March 19Event1649 – The House of Commons of England passes an act abolishing the House of Lords, declaring it "useless and dangerous to the people of England".
30573March 19Event1687 – Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men.
30574March 19Event1812 – The Cádiz Cortes promulgates the Spanish Constitution of 1812.
30575March 19Event1853 – The Taiping reform movement occupies and makes Nanjing its capital until 1864.
30576March 19Event1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand.
30577March 19Event1863 – The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000.
30578March 19Event1865 – American Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville begins. By the end of the battle two days later, Confederate forces had retreated from Four Oaks, North Carolina.
30579March 19Event1885 – Louis Riel declares a provisional government in Saskatchewan, beginning the North-West Rebellion.
30580March 19Event1895 – Auguste and Louis Lumière record their first footage using their newly patented cinematograph.
30581March 19Event1918 – The U.S. Congress establishes time zones and approves daylight saving time.
30582March 19Event1920 – The United States Senate rejects the Treaty of Versailles for the second time (the first time was on November 19, 1919).
30583March 19Event1921 – Irish War of Independence: One of the biggest engagements of the war takes place at Crossbarry, County Cork. About 100 Irish Republican Army (IRA) volunteers escape an attempt by over 1,300 British forces to encircle them.
30584March 19Event1931 – Gambling is legalized in Nevada.
30585March 19Event1932 – The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened.
30586March 19Event1941 – World War II: The 99th Pursuit Squadron also known as the Tuskegee Airmen, the first all-black unit of the US Army Air Corps, is activated.
30587March 19Event1943 – Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard.
30588March 19Event1944 – World War II: Nazi forces occupy Hungary.
30589March 19Event1945 – World War II: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power.
30590March 19Event1945 – World War II: Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.
30591March 19Event1946 – French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique and Réunion become overseas départements of France.
30592March 19Event1954 – Joey Giardello knocks out Willie Tory in round seven at Madison Square Garden in the first televised prize boxing fight shown in colour.
30593March 19Event1954 – Willie Mosconi sets a world record by running 526 consecutive balls without a miss during a straight pool exhibition at East High Billiard Club in Springfield, Ohio. The record still stands today.
30594March 19Event1958 – The Monarch Underwear Company fire leaves 24 dead and 15 injured.
30595March 19Event1962 – Highly influential artist, Bob Dylan releases his first album, Bob Dylan, on Columbia Records label.
30596March 19Event1962 – The Algerian War of Independence against the French ends.
30597March 19Event1965 – The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is discovered by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence, exactly 102 years after its destruction.
30598March 19Event1966 – Texas Western becomes the first college basketball team to win the Final four with an all-black starting lineup.
30599March 19Event1969 – The 385 metres (1,263 ft) tall TV-mast at Emley Moor transmitting station, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build-up.
30600March 19Event1979 – The United States House of Representatives begins broadcasting its day-to-day business via the cable television network C-SPAN.

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